It is a body composition analysis by measuring the resistance to the flow of a small amount of current (just 1-2 volts) in the tissues of the body that have unequal resistance to the current flow. This makes it possible to measure all the components in the body. Body Composition is important to us humans. It is one of those things related to physical health. If it's in good shape, it means you're in good health too. Therefore, a body composition analyzer was created to allow us to measure and analyze different parts of the body. It is used as a percentage and is used for the following benefits:
– Assess body proportions
– Enables detailed analysis of body composition including water and electrolyte content
– Helps to know balance and fitness
– Assists in nutritional assessment of the body
– allowing us to know the exact amount of fat in our body
– able to plan health care and diagnose the risk of disease more accurately Today we use technology. Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA), which is simple, fast, safe, and highly accurate, it is independent of this technology, it is possible to analyze body composition in detail using the principle that water is a conductor of electricity and fat is an insulator, the resistance is then measured to the flow of a weak electric current in the body's tissues, where the bone and fat portions are poorly conductive, So it has high resistance but blood/visceral and muscle conduct electricity well. So there is a low resistance which has a measurable value.
(Standard Weight), It is a benchmark weight that you should know, the benchmark value tells you if you are at risk of obesity or being thin, which must be used in conjunction with other values for more accurate analysis.
(Weight) Consists of fat, muscle, bone and water, which, if looking at the weight alone, cannot assess whether fat or skinny at all, and the correct one must look at the details of each value as well, such as people who are overweight, but from muscle proportions A lot of space will not be assessed as fat.
(Percentage Body Fat – PBF) In addition to indicative of obesity or overweight, it is also used to determine body shape along with BMI by measuring both subcutaneous fat and visceral fat (but excluding atheroma).
(Visceral Fat Index / Visceral Fat level) Used to assess abdominal obesity/visceral fat is inserted between the intra-abdominal organs to prevent collision damage, when visceral fat exceeds the normal range, it can dissolve into the blood vessels and cause overproduction. Continue to reduce hyperlipidemia / coronary artery / cerebral stenosis.
(Body Fat / Fat mass) The body will store excess energy in reserve in the form of both subcutaneous fat and visceral fat in kilograms, but if too much fat accumulates and results in obesity, chronic non-communicable diseases cause complications. various
(Body Mass Index – BMI) It is an assessment of underweight, overweight, or appropriate criteria, based on height If obesity is assessed, it must be used in conjunction with the amount of body fat, since in people with a lot of muscle but not overweight, it does not always indicate obesity.
(Muscle / Soft Lean Mass – SLM) Is muscle tissue in every part of the body is the smooth muscle (located in various organs of the body) and skeletal muscles (which are attached to the bone) are responsible for strengthening, allowing flexibility in movement, and most people have low muscle mass due to lack of exercise and diet in the protein group is not enough.
(Skeletal Muscle Mass – SMM) It is a muscle tissue that is attached to the bones throughout the body when exercising more or harder makes this muscle bigger and stronger, the larger the skeletal muscle, the higher the protein requirement. It also affects the body's metabolic system that is higher accordingly.
(Bone mineral content – bone / mineral / BMC) It is the mass of bone and teeth or minerals in the body, accounted for kilograms of total body weight, and bone is responsible for supporting the body's skeleton, for the health of bones, including joints, and as we age, the minerals in the bones will gradually break down, causing loss of density, leading to osteoporosis or thinning.
(Water / Total Body Water – TBW) function of transporting nutrients oxygen and others including maintaining temperature balance which helps to burn fat and sugar The dehydration or insufficient amount of water in the body can affect the metabolism.
(Protein) It is responsible for the production and repair of cells of the body and is also a component of muscle and if the body does not get enough protein, the body will use protein for energy, which leads to rapid loss of muscle mass.
(Lean Body Mass / Fat Free Mass – FFM) It's often used to look at a fat-free body to get prominent muscles, as everyone's body is different, finding the right proportions requires proper timing, good nutrition, adequate rest, and recovery.
(Basal Metabolic Rate – BMR) Indicates the minimum amount of energy the body needs at the baseline, dieting to reduce the daily calorie intake should be reduced by no more than 20-25% of the BMR, and with age. BMR will start to decline gradually, so more exercise should be done accordingly to help increase the amount of energy used and reduce the amount of body fat.
(Bodily Form / Body Type) Each mannequin is not the same, that is, the original cost determines the shape of the body, resulting in each person losing weight differently, body shape assessment can be viewed by comparing body fat with BMI, the more body fat you have, the more fat you will be. Obese people should gain more muscle and pay more attention to the reduction of body fat.
(Obesity Degree) represents the state of obesity caused by the accumulation of body fat by categorizing the severity of the simple obesity condition.
(Physical Age / Biological Age) older or younger is immediately known because body age represents the health of the body as a result of the analysis of body weight and fat content, muscles of the body that are suitable for sex and age, if the body age is higher than the actual age, it means that the amount of fat must be reduced, the muscle protein and metabolic rate must be increased, therefore, it will make the body age better accordingly.
(Body Index) it provides an overview of physical health as assessed by the combined measurements, the higher the score, the better the overall health criteria and can be graded when compared to others.
(Visceral Fat Area) A good constituent analyzer should be measured in terms of area. How many square centimeters, for example, one square centimeter = 1×1 cm, it helps to know the amount of fat in the abdomen more accurately.
(Visceral Fat Mass) is the amount of intra-abdominal fat and this value may be measured as a total.
(Subcutaneous Fat Mass) It is another part that accumulates fat and we should be aware of it for use in assessing health.
Body composition measurements are a great way to track your fitness during exercise because the numbers on the scale can't tell you how much muscle and fat you actually have, if you are overweight or obese, do not forget to take care of your health and control your weight in an appropriate range to prevent many health problems that can follow in the future.
Source: inbodythai , vayowellness